Types Of Drug Tests
- Is the least expensive of the test methods.
- Can be done at home (lab verification required for legal confirmation).
- Can detect use primarily within a few days to a week (longer with habitual use).
- Is often temperature tested for tampering.
- Is currently 3 – 4 times more expensive than urine tests.
- Can detect substance for a minimum of 90 days. Can be much longer depending on sampling.
- Can not usually detect use within the past week.
- Is a little more expensive than urine testing, but less than hair or blood.
- Is becoming more common because it can be given anywhere at anytime bu an untrained individual.
- Is easy to administer (lab verification required for legal confirmation)..
- Can detect use primarily within a few days.
- Is the most expensive method of testing as well as the least common.
- Is the most accurate method of testing.
- Can detect use which would not trigger other tests.
- Is most often given along with a urine drug test.
What Do The Types Of Drug Tests Look For?
The first thing to know is what the “standard” types of drug tests look for. There is no “standard” and you will seldom know what will be on your tests.What is being tested for varies greatly based on testing company, expense, expectations, federal requirements, etc. You plan on the “big five” for sure.
Federal government guidelines (by SAMHSA-the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration) require that companies which use commercial class drivers licenses for employees must have a testing system in place. Among other things, this required testing program must test for 5 specific categories of drugs (referred to as the “SAMHSA 5”, previously called the “NIDA-5”). Because of this federal requirement, most drug testing companies offer a basic drug test that checks for drugs in these 5 common categories.
- Cannabinoids (marijuana, hash)
- Cocaine (cocaine, crack, benzoylecognine)
- Amphetamines (amphetamines, methamphetamines, speed) – does not include MDMA/MDA/MDE
- Opiates (heroin, opium, codeine, morphine)
- Phencyclidine (PCP)
S Department Of Transportation Workplace Testing Programs.” href=”http://www.dot.gov/odapc/part40″ target=”_blank”>U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) Standard Tests
Starting in October, 2010, the US DOT added MDMA, MDA, and MDE (MDEA) to their standard 5-panel drug testing, by adding the ecstasy-type drugs to the amphetamine section of their test panel. See DOT Drug Testing: On and After Oct 1, 2010 – Still a 5 Panel.
Expanded Drug Tests
Most drug testing companies also offer expanded types of drug tests which include a few additional drug classes. There are two primary types of drug tests used today. The 5 panel drug test and the 12 panel drug test.
- Barbiturates (Phenobarbital, Secobarbitol, Butalbital)
- Hydrocodone (Lortab, Vicodin)
- Benzodiazepines (Valium, Xanax, Librium, Serax, Rohypnol)
- MDMA (Ecstasy)
- Methamphetamine (Meth)
- Propxyphene PCP
Additional Testable Substances
In addition, there are a few types of drug tests in which it is possible but quite unusual to test for a number of other drugs, both medicinal and recreational. These include specific tests for common prescription medications. This list is expanding all the time. As an example we expect a drug test for K-2 any day now. This does not mean that all tests are available in all tests.